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Sinai, Dr. Joshua

Dr. Joshua Sinai

Professor of Practice, Counterterrorism Studies

jbsinai@captechu.edu

Professor Joshua Sinai is developing a new undergraduate Bachelor of Science (BS) courses program on terrorism and counterterrorism studies. He is also involved in the university’s graduate studies program.

Professional Experience
Based in the Washington, DC region, Dr. Sinai has more than 30 years’ experience in international security/national security/homeland security studies, assessments, and curriculum development for the U.S. government, academia, and the corporate sector.

For the U.S. Government, he began his career as a Senior Intelligence Analyst at the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress. On behalf of various corporate firms, he has worked as a contractor supporting the Department of Defense (including the Joint Chiefs of Staff, J-34, the Combating Terrorism Sub-Directorate, and the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations/Low-Intensity Conflict), the Department of Homeland Security (including its National Operations Center when it was first stood up, the Science & Technology Directorate, the active shooter prevention training program, and the Federal Protective Service’s training branch), as well as at the Federal Bureau of Investigation (the Foreign Terrorist Tracking Task Force).  

In the corporate sector, Dr. Sinai serves as a part-time senior analyst to TorchStone Global (TSG), a U.S. firm that provides proactive risk identification, consultation, and protection services for corporate and family clients. For TSG, Dr. Sinai has produced analytic articles and reports, including supporting corporate clients in safeguarding its employees against workplace violence and in responding to how the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting their business operations.

Areas of Specialization
Dr. Sinai’s academic specializations include developing methodologies and tool kits to upgrade public safety practitioners’ security capabilities and resilience through anticipating, preparing for, responding to, and recovering from active threats in fields such as Terrorism, Active Shooter, Workplace Violence, and ‘Insiders,’ for application as job aids for public safety action officers at government/law enforcement agencies (federal, state, and local), and the private sector. This includes developing forecasting models to assess how future terrorist threats might play out in the weapons of mass destruction (WMD) warfare arena. He also develops metrics of performance effectiveness in counterterrorism campaigns, as well as models to resolve protracted terrorist insurgencies based on coercive and conciliatory measures that address a conflict’s underlying root causes. In addition to such functional areas, he also specializes in conducting regional studies, with a major focus on national security in the Middle East. He specializes in developing curriculum training materials on these subjects for government agencies, the private sector, and academic institutions.

Academic Publications
Dr. Sinai is a prolific author of numerous academic publications. He is the author of the  Active Shooter – A Handbook on Prevention (ASIS International, May 2016, 2nd edition) , as well as dozens of articles in journals and edited volumes. He serves as Book Reviews Editor of the bi-monthly on-line and peer reviewed academic journal, Perspectives on Terrorism, for which he also produces the regularly published “Counterterrorism Bookshelf” review column, which capsule reviews numerous books in each column. He also writes the regularly published “Homeland Security Bookshelf” review column for each issue of the quarterly The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International. He also writes book reviews on terrorism and counterterrorism-related issues for newspapers such as The Washington Times.

Education

  • Ph.D., Columbia University (Political Science/Comparative Politics) 1997
  • M.A., Columbia University (Political Science/Comparative Politics) 1975
  • B.A., State University College of New York at New Paltz, (Political Science/Comparative Politics), 1973

Professional Education:

  • Anti-Terrorism Level II Training Certification, U.S. Air Force, Arlington, VA (2001)

Professional Associations

  • ASIS International
  • International Association of Law Enforcement Intelligence Analysts (IALEIA)
  • National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA)

Selected Publications

2021

  • “A Framework for Preempting Lone Actor terrorists During the Pre-Incident Phases in the United States,” in Jacob C. Holzer, Pat Recupero, Paul Gill, and Andrea Dew, editors, Lone-Actor Terrorism: An Integrated Framework (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, forthcoming, late 2021).

2020

  • “Prevention of Low-Tech, Lone Actor Terrorist Attacks in the United States,” in Alex P. Schmid, editor, Handbook of Terrorism Prevention and Preparedness (The Hague: ICCT online, forthcoming, late 2020)
  • “Issues in Predicting and Forecasting Future Terrorist Warfare,” The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Vol. 26, No. 4, Spring 2020 (May 2020), pages 28-32.
  • “A Resilience Framework for Businesses to Recover from a Pandemic Outbreak,” Homeland Security Today, April 25, 2020, https://www.hstoday.us/subject-matter-areas/cybersecurity/a-resilience-framework-for-businesses-to-recover-from-a-pandemic-outbreak/.
  • “A Methodology to Forecast Violent Attacks by Active Threat Perpetrators,” pages 99-205 in Isaac Kfir, editor, Counterterrorism Yearbook 2020 (Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI), (March 2020). www.aspi.org.au.
  • “Red Teaming Future Waves of Catastrophic Terrorism,” The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Vol. 26, No. 3, Winter 2020 (March 2020), pages 22-26.
  • “Assessing the Threat of Terrorists’ Use in Their Warfare of Radiological Exposure Devices (REDs) and Dirty Bombs,”  The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Vol. 26, No. 2, Fall 2019, pages 14-18.
  • “Israel and Combating Terrorism: Assessing the Effectiveness of Netanyahu’s Combating Terrorism Strategy,” pages 273-290 in Robert O. Freedman, editor, Israel Under Netanyahu: Domestic Politics and Foreign Policy (New York, NY: Routledge, January 2020).

2019

  • Co-Author with Jeffrey Fuller and Tiffany Seal, “Research Note: Research Note: Effectiveness in Counter-Terrorism and Countering Violent Extremism: A Literature Review,” Perspectives on Terrorism, Vol. 13, No. 6, December 2019, pages 90-108.
  • “Hizballah: A Terrorist Group Profile,” The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Vol. 25, No. 1, Summer 2019, pages 20-26.
  • “Weaponized Letter and Package Attacks Against Public and Private Sector Targets: Key Takeaways for Security Practitioners,” The InfraGard Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1 (July 2019), pages 12-23.
  • “Assessing Innovations and New Trends in Counterterrorism,” pages 129-134 in Isaac Kfir and Georgia Grice, editors, Counterterrorism Yearbook 2019 (Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI), March 2019). www.aspi.org.au.
  • “Workplace Violence Attack at Sebring, Florida Bank: Key Takeaways for Business Leaders,” Torchstone Global, February 2019, https://www.torchstoneglobal.com/workplace-violence-attack-at-sebring-florida-bank-key-takeaways-for-business-leaders/.

2018

  • “Assessing the Violent Targeting of Faith-Based Organizations in the United States and Their Response Measures,” The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Fall 2018, Vol. 24, No. 3, pages 20-25.
  • “The United States of America: Domestic Counterterrorism since 9/11,” Chapter 55, pages 635-647, in Andrew Silke, editor,  Routledge Handbook of Terrorism and Counterterrorism (New York, NY: Routledge, June 2018).
  • "Terrorist Threats Against Jordan and Its Counterterrorism Measures,” The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Summer 2018, Vol. 24, No. 2, pages 16-20.
  • "IACSP Homeland Security Conference Review – Campus Safety Conference East, July 18-20, 2018, Herndon, VA,” The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Summer 2018, Vol. 24, No. 2, pages 42-44.
  • "Assessing Precursor Crimes To Support Islamist Terrorism in the United States, The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Spring 2018, Vol. 24, No. 1, pages 16-20.

2017

  • “New Trends in Asymmetric Warfare Threats,” The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Fall 2017, Vol. 23, No. 3, pages 14-17.
  • “A Model for Countering Violent Extremism and Promoting Disengagement From Terrorism,” The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Summer 2017, Vol. 23, No. 2, pages 24-28.
  • “Active Threats Against the Aviation Sector: Terrorism, Active Shooters, Workplace Violence, and ’Insiders,” The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Winter 2017, Vol. 22, No. 4, pages 18-27.
  • “Terrorism Futures 2030: Identifying Analytic Methodologies to Forecast the Next Phase in the Terrorism Historical Wave,” pages 1-7 in Lawrence Fennelly, Mark Beaudry, and Marianna A. Perry, editors, Security in 2025 (Alexandria, VA: ASIS International, 2017).

2016

  • Co-author with Kathleen Kiernan and Dorian DeSantis, “Breaking the Trajectory Towards Mass Violence: Engaging the Community to Pre-Empt Potentail Active Shooters,” Sheriff & Deputy, September/October 2016, Volume 68, Issue 5, pages 68-69.
  • “Access Control Systems and Identification Badges,” pages 255-264 in Lawrence J. Fennelly, editor, Effective Physical Security [Fifth Edition] (Boston, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann/Elsevier, 2016).
  • “Trends in Terrorist Threats Against Sports Stadiums & Arenas and Effective Response Measures,” The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Summer 2016.
  • Active Shooter: A Handbook on Prevention [Revised & Expanded Second Edition] (Alexandria, VA: ASIS International, May 2016).
  • “Trends in the Terrorist Threats Against the Business Sector and Effective Countermeasures,” The Mackenzie Insititute (Toronto, Canada), May 9, 2016, http://mackenzieinstitute.com/new-trends-in-terrorisms-targeting-of-the-business-sector/.  
  • “The Active Shooter Threat: Profiling Perpetrators for Preemptive Prevention,” Chapter 9, pages 206-219 in Michael Fredholm, editor, Lone Actor Terrorism: Past Experience, Future Outlook, and Response Strategies, (New York, NY: Routledge, February 2016).
  • “The Insider Threat in Information Technology: Risk Factors and Case Studies,” Chapter 14, pages 280-294 in Michael Fredholm, editor, Lone Actor Terrorism: Past Experience, Future Outlook, and Response Strategies, (New York, NY: Routledge, February 2016).

2015

  • “The Terrorist Threats Against Russia and its Counterterrorism Response Measures,” Connections [Quarterly Journal Published by Partnership for Peace Consortium/The Marshall Center], Vol. 14, No. 4, Fall 2015, pages 95-101. 
  • “The Greater Middle East’s Fifth Historical Wave: Revolutionary Upheavals, but Game Changing Progress? An Application for Preemptive Early Warning Intelligence Analysis,” American Intelligence Journal, Vol. 32, No. 1 (2015), pages 65-69.
  • “Active Shooters Can Be Preempted,” The Mackenzie Institute (Toronto, Canada), November 19, 2015, http://www.mackenzieinstitute.com/active-shooters-can-preempted/
  • “Assessing How the Provisions of Canada’s New Anti-Terrorism Act (Bill C-51) Contributes to Effective Counter-Terrorism,” The Mackenzie Institute (Toronto, Canada), August 4, 2015, http://www.mackenzieinstitute.com/assessing-provisions-canadas-new-anti-terrorism-act-bill-c-51-contributes-effective-counter-terrorism/.  
  • “Innovation in Terrorists’ Counter-Surveillance: The Case of al-Qaeda and its Affiliates,” pages 196-210 in Magnus Ranstorp and Magnus Normark, editors, Understanding Terrorism Innovation and Learning: Al Qaeda and Beyond (New York, NY: Routledge, 2015).

2014

  • “The Stable States Index: Assessing Indicators on State Stability and Effectiveness for Anticipatory Forecasting,” The Intelligencer: Journal of U.S. Intelligence Studies,” Spring/Summer 2014, pages 29-32.
  • “The Terrorist Threats Against Saudi Arabia and Its Counterterrorism Response Measures,” The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Winter 2014, Vol. 20, No. 4, pages 26-28.
  • “Kidnapping for Ransom Fueling Terrorism Worldwide,” The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Vol. 20, No. 2, Summer 2014, pages 14-16.
  • “Assessing the Evolving Threat of Suicide Terrorism,” The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Vol. 20, No. 2, Summer 2014, pages 22-24.

2013

  • “Developing a Model of Prison Radicalisation,” pages 35-46 in Andrew Silke, editor, Prisons, Terrorism and Extremism: Critical Issues in Management, Radicalisation and Reform (New York, NY: Routledge, December 2013).
  • “The Terrorist Threats Against India and Its Counterterrorism Response,” The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Fall 2013, Vol. 19, No. 3, pages 29-24.
  • “Forecasting Terrorism Is Possible,” The Intelligencer: Journal of U.S. Intelligence Studies,” Vol. 20, No. 1, Fall/Winter 2013, pages 27-31.
  • Active Shooter: A Handbook on Prevention (Alexandria, VA: ASIS International, January 2013).  http://www.abdi-secure-ecommerce.com/asis/ps-1172-37-2040.aspx.
  • “Najibullah Zazi’s Plot to Bomb the New York City Subway System: A Case Study of How U.S. Domestic Counterterrorism Operates,” pages 116-131 in James Forest, Russell Howard and Joanne Moore, editors, Homeland Security and Terrorism: Readings and Interpretations, 2nd Edition (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, March 2013).

2012

  • “A Model on Radicalization into Extremism and Terrorism,” The Intelligencer: Journal of U.S. Intelligence Studies,” Summer/Fall 2012 (September 2012), pages 21-25.
  • “Top 150 Books on Terrorism & Counterterrorism Studies,” Perspectives on Terrorism (www.terrorismanalysts.com), May 2012, Vol. 6, No. 2.

2011

  • “Terrorism on the Internet and Effective Countermeasures,” The Intelligencer: Journal of U.S. Intelligence Studies, Vol. 18, No. 3, Summer/Fall 2011, pp. 21-24.

2006

  • “A Framework for Critical Infrastructure Resilience to Terrorism,” The Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, Summer 2006, Vol. 12, No. 2, pages 24-30.